Mardin TCDD Şenyurt historical station building material characterization and conservation suggestions

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There are three main railway lines in Turkey built by the Baghdad Railway Company, one of which runs from Ankara to Mardin. On this line, there is a station structure built at eight different points in the province of Mardin. Şenyurt station is the largest station building among these eight station buildings on the Mardin railway line. The railways built between Şenyurt and Mardin played an important role in the economic and commercial development of the area and met the military needs of the Republican period. However, due to the social events that took place in Turkey in 2014, train services have not been organized on the Mardin railway route since then. TCDD Şenyurt Station Historical Station Building, which has been in the region for more than a century, contains intangible cultural values as well as tangible values. Today, the building is idle and there are various material deteriorations in the structure. In this context, the aim of the study is to characterize the material of the TCDD Şenyurt Station Building in Mardin province and to present conservation suggestions for the structure. Observational detection and experimental analysis methods were used in the study. As a result of the study, the content of the production material of the building, the binder, aggregate, the quality of the additives, their ratios, the state of protection and the sources of the problem were determined. The most important problem identified in the results of the study is the detection of Chloride and Sulphate salts in various amounts in the samples. The sulfate and the chlorine salts detected in the samples are thought to originate from the Portland cement used for repair purposes in almost all parts of the building.

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