Vol. 3 No. 2 (2023)

Near-Real-Time Precise Point Positioning Technique with Single-Frequency Raw GNSS Observations on Android Smartphones

Published 2023-09-12


  • Smartphone,
  • Single-Frequency,
  • GNSS,
  • N-RT-PPP

How to Cite

Pehlivan, H. ., Karadeniz, B., & Arı, B. (2023). Near-Real-Time Precise Point Positioning Technique with Single-Frequency Raw GNSS Observations on Android Smartphones. Advanced Geomatics, 3(2), 40–45. Retrieved from https://publish.mersin.edu.tr/index.php/geomatics/article/view/826


In this study, positioning performance was evaluated by making single-frequency GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) observations under real-time conditions with a smartphone. In experiments, GNSS observations were recorded with the Xiaomi Redmi Note 8 Pro via the Geo++ RINEX Logger application. Measurements were made with the geodetic-grade CHC I80 GNSS receiver to evaluate the performance of the smartphone. In addition to the collected raw observation data set, solutions were realized with the Near-Real-Time Precise Point Positioning (N-RT-PPP) technique by using satellite orbit and clock correction products produced under real-time conditions from the CNES (National Centre for Space Studies) archive. When all the observations with the epoch difference are examined, it is observed that the root mean square error (RMSE) values of the GPS/GLONASS observations give better results than the only-GPS solutions. In addition, in the epoch differenced time series produced from the smartphone, an improvement between 92% and 98% was observed for the part below 1 cm horizontally and 2 cm vertically after the fluctuation.


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