Spatial distribution of public services and facilities in the Sahand new city of Iran


  • Shiva Sattarzadeh Salehi
  • Firouz Jafari


Sahand new city, Sustainability, Moran's spatial autocorrelation, Public services


With the increasing growth of urbanization in the world, the cities that are developing, including Iran, with unequal services and population distribution. In this way, its instability is achieved in the form of spatial and social inequality, and it is based on it due to the deprivation of citizens from urban services and the increase of the gap. Therefore, in this research, the new city of Sahand has been investigated for the distribution of urban services and facilities using four indicators of population, electricity and energy, water, and green space. The information needed for the research has been prepared by document-library and field methods. The fuzzy method was used to describe the indicators, and then the mentioned indicators were analyzed in the ArcGIS software environment with Moran's spatial autocorrelation analysis. The results show that the Moran values of population, water, electricity, and green space are 0.17, 0.15, 0.15, and 0.03, respectively, so that the first three indicators follow a strong cluster pattern, while the green space index is scattered in the surface of the city is distributed.