Preliminary data on physical and biochemical profile of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) harvested in Albania
Keywords:Eriobotrya japonica, Biochemical profile, Total Flavonoid content, Total phenolic content, Vitamins content
Eriobotrya japonica is an evergreen plant that shows high medicinal value. Till now there aren’t any publication in the frame of the biochemical profile of loquat that grow in Albania. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to evaluate the total mineral content (TMC), total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), tannin content, orthodiphenols content as well as total vitamin A and C of loquat fruits that grow in Albania regions. Three types of varieties of the loquat were analysed, Sayda variety, Golden Nugget variety and Nafk Cukur Gobek variety. Based on the physical parameters, it was observed that Nafik Cukur Gobek presented the highest average values in the frame of pulp weight, moisture, dry matter and other parameters. Also, the variety Nafik Cukur Gobek contained the highest values of vitamin C, vitamin A, total flavonoids and polyphenols content as well as total tannins content. The Sayda variety shows the highest acidity value. Total orthodiphenols content was determined in the Golden Nugget variety. Regardless of the data presented in this manuscript, further studies are warranted in the near future to have a full understanding of the bioactive compounds profile in loquat fruits that grow in Albania.
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