The stone bridges in Vjosa basin (Albania): Hidden values following roman tradition to the middle of 19th centuries
Keywords:Bridges, Ottoman period, Cultural values, Heritage, Landscape
The bridge is basically a utilitarian structure created to maintain communications in the face of difficulties in both an open natural environment and the man-made physical structure. The urge for people "to cross over to the other side" for existential concerns is related to the bridge's first appearance. As each time the conditional natural characteristics (geomorphology, river flows, water reservoirs, etc.) are presented, on the path of his physical barriers that frequently occur, they redirect travel routes and govern the lives of people and their communities, from the level of the individual man to the highest state level. Nowadays, bridges are present in entire Vjosa basin and its tributaries enabling communication along Vjosa itself, Shushica, Drino, Langarica, Zagoria etc
Skoulikidis, N., Economou, A., Gritzalis, K., & Zogaris, S. (2009). Rivers of the Balkans. In Rivers of Europe (Ed. Klement Tockner, Urs Uehlinger, and Christopher T. Robinson), 9 Elsevier Ltd, 421-467
Darlas, A. (1995). The earliest occupation in Europe: the Balkans. In: R€obr€oks, W., van Kolfschoten, T. (eds). The Earliest Occupation of Europe. Proceedings of the European Science Foundation Workshop, Tautavel, France, 1993, University of Leiden, Leiden, 51–59.
Shumka, L., Papastefani, A., Shumka, S., & Mali, S. (2023). The Potentials for the Ecological Management of Landscape Connectivity Including Aquatic Ecosystems in Northeast Albania. Hydrobiology, 2(1), 44-54.
Shtylla, V. (1998). Roads and Bridges in Albania, Toena, Tirana, ISBN: 9992710136; 9789992710135, p. 240
Bailey, D.W. (2000). Balkan Prehistory. Exclusion, incorporation and identity. Routledge, London and New York.
Hadrović, A. (2017). Bridges in Bosnia and Herzegovina from Ottoman Empire. Thesis, 3, 55-93
Shumka, L., Peri, L., & Lato, E. (2020). The Needs for Determining Degradation Risks from Temperature and Relative Humidity of Post-Byzantine Church Indoor Environment. Journal of Environmental Management & Tourism, 11(3 (43)), 601-605.
Shumka, L. (2019). Comparison of Indoor Climate Features Following Different Climate Guidelines in Conservation Examples of Selected Churches in Albania International Journal of Conservation Science (IJCS), 10(4), 623-630.
Ceka, N., & Muçaj, S. (2009). Mbishkrime antike të pabotuara nga Bylisi, Elbasani, Tirana, Tetova dhe Gostivari/Inscriptions antiques inédites de Byllis, Elbasan, Tetovo et Gostivar. Iliria, 34(1), 111-129.
Shumka, L. (2018). Considering landscape and water in the Dumrea region: challenges for integrated planning and sustainability. Thalassia salentina, 40(supp2), 147-154.
Shumka, L., & Ciftci, C. (2018). Relative rate of durability towards influence of water in stone degradation: case study of lead Mosque in Shkodra (northwest Albania). Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, 13(2), 105-109.
Mano, A., (1976). Trade and trade arteries in South Illyria. Illyria – Study and archeological material (in Albanian), VI: 23-40
Sherifaj, M. (2012). Development Perspective in the Valley of Vjosa and the Impact of Levan-Tepelenë Road. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 3 (5), 201-210
Shumka, L., Marku, M., & Shumka, S. (2010). The study of biological decay with church wooden materials in prespa lake area (Albania). Natura Montenegrina, 9(3), 827-831.
Ademović, N., & Kurtović, A. (2018). Stone and mortar in bridges from the Ottoman period in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Građevinar, 70(03.), 213-224.