An analysis of population distribution and urban public services in the new city of Sahand, Iran

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Shiva Sattarzadeh Salehi
Firouz Jafari


Today, the expansion of cities and the increase in population in different areas of the city has caused the urban population to disperse; Therefore, the mission of spatial justice in cities is essential in order to distribute urban facilities and services fairly, taking into account the needs of citizens; So, if the city managers cannot distribute the facilities and public services in a fair and desirable way in different areas of the city, they will create grounds for citizens' dissatisfaction with access to services. The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between population distribution and spatial distribution of urban services in the phases of the city. The information needed for the research has been prepared by document-library and field methods. the fuzzy method was used to scale the indicators (population, water, electricity, and green space) and then the mentioned indicators were analyzed in the ArcGIS 10.8.1 software environment with the Gates Ardeji statistics and Moran's spatial autocorrelation methods. Also, the results of hot and cold spots show that the amount of water and electricity consumption and other investigated criteria are higher in phases two, three, one and four, respectively. Therefore, attention to planning regarding the fair distribution of urban services not only includes the realization of spatial justice for the city, but also can prevent the occurrence of gaps and inequality of services between phases.

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Salehi, S. S. ., & Jafari, F. (2024). An analysis of population distribution and urban public services in the new city of Sahand, Iran. Advanced Land Management, 4(1), 11–25. Retrieved from


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