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In recent years, more alien fish species have been encountered in the Mediterranean. One of the alien species that have entered the Mediterranean in recent years is the lionfish. Lionfish attract attention with their appearance but should be carefully monitored due to their rapid and successful invasions on the West Atlantic coasts, and they are venomous. They contain a neurotoxin in protein structure. The lionfish, which spread rapidly in the Mediterranean in a short time, also cause poisoning due to the venom they include in their spines. For this reason, it has become even more important to have information about the properties and possible effects of the venom they contain, as well as the rapid invasion skills of lionfish. This study compiled some information on venom content, poisoning mechanism, and poisoning cases of lionfish (Pterois sp.).
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